Monday, October 28th, 2019 The Frederick Lee Story and the Hill 70 Memorial Project

Monday, October 28, 20194:00PM - 6:30PMExternal Event, Richard Charles Lee Canada-Hong Kong Library, 8th floor, Robarts Library, University of Toronto, 130 St. George Street


During World War I (WWI), approximately 300 Chinese soldiers enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force despite rampant anti-Chinese discrimination. Anonymous until recently, Frederick “Freddy” Lee was one of those soldiers.

Born into a Chinese Canadian Merchant family in Kamloops, BC, Freddy volunteered for the war, enlisting with the 172nd Battalion and served in a vital role as a machine gunner. Freddy fought in and survived the Battle of Vimy Ridge in April 1916, but was later killed in the Battle of Hill 70 in August 1917 at only 21 years of age. He fought and died as a Canadian. Freddy was among the 11,286 Canadians killed in France with no known graves.

Freddy’s story is one that not only symbolizes the strength and determination of Chinese Canadians’ long struggle to gain acceptance as full Canadian citizens, but also embodies the Canadian spirit of “strength in diversity”, where Canadians of all ethnicities contributed to the history and development of their nation.

While featuring Frederick Lee, the symposium will present a larger Chinese Canadian story. Based on historical research by experts on Chinese Canadian studies and WWI, along with invaluable insights from key figures involved in various Frederick Lee projects, the event will shine new light on Chinese Canadians’ contributions to Canadian history.

Please RSVP by emailing, or by calling 416-946-8978.


The Honorable Dr. Vivienne Poy
Opening Remarks
Chancellor Emerita, University of Toronto, and retired Senator of Canada

Dr. Jack Leong
Director, Richard Charles Lee Canada-Hong Kong Library

Dr. Lisa Mar
Richard Charles Lee Chair in Chinese Canadian Studies, University of Toronto

Dr. Robert C. Engen
Department of Defence Studies, Canadian Forces College

Mr. Mark Hutchings
Chairman, The Hill 70 Memorial Project

Mr. Jack Gin
Finding Frederick Lee Project

Mr. Larry Alford
Welcoming Remarks
Chief Librarian, University of Toronto Libraries


Richard Charles Lee Canada - Hong Kong Library

Richard Charles Lee Chair in Chinese Canadian Studies

University of Toronto Libraries


Asian Institute

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