Search Results for: Amalgamation or Decentralization

IMFG Paper | 2019

The Role of Business Improvement Areas and Neighbourhood Associations in the City of Toronto

Toronto has more than 80 Business Improvement Areas (BIAs) and more than 150 neighbourhood associations (NAs) that claim to represent the interests of residents and businesses on matters ranging from the public realm to planning. This paper provides background and comprehensive data on the city’s BIAs and NAs, including their locations, functions, and correlations with other socioeconomic indicators, such as income. The paper concludes with options for City Council in reforming its governance model.
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IMFG Paper | 2019

The Practice of Municipal Cooperation: Australian Perspectives and Comparisons with Canada

Municipal cooperation is an important feature of local and regional governance in both Australia and Canada. Many of the responsibilities of local governments cannot be addressed satisfactorily within the boundaries of a single municipality, whilst complex issues facing central governments often require complementary action at local and regional levels. This paper documents and evaluates the track record of Australian municipal cooperation within the context of the federal system, state legislation and policy, and the ongoing debate about the respective merits of joint service delivery and mergers.
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Perspectives Paper | 2018

Bold Election Ideas for the Toronto Region

Elections are a time to assess what has happened in our community since the last election and ask questions – often uncomfortable questions – about the places we live and the environment we are creating for those who live here. In the lead-up to the 2018 Ontario municipal election, the Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance has commissioned a series of short pre-election papers to add to the dialogue and tap into the ideas of some of the GTHA’s most respected leaders. As you read these short papers, you will see that we have covered a wide range of themes – transportation, housing, homelessness, youth, neighbourhoods, Indigenous peoples, mental health, decent work, policing, universities, arts and culture, and regional and local governance.
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Forum Paper | 2018

Legacies of the Megacity: Toronto’s Amalgamation 20 Years Later

In 1998, Metropolitan Toronto and its six lower-tier municipalities – Toronto, Etobicoke, Scarborough, North York, East York, and York – were amalgamated to form the new City of Toronto. The decision to amalgamate was controversial. Proponents argued that streamlining service delivery would yield major cost savings for the city and its residents. Opponents claimed that eliminating Metro’s lower-tier municipalities would diminish the quality of democratic representation.
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Presentation | 2018

Is Municipal Cooperation a Silver Bullet?

Constantino Cronemberger Mendes, Country Director (Brazil), Forum of Federations, presented “Municipal Cooperation in Brazil: Challenges and Opportunities“ as part of the event Is Municipal Cooperation a Silver Bullet? Experience from Australia, Brazil, and Canada on June 14, 2018.
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Presentation | 2018

Is Municipal Cooperation a Silver Bullet?

Graham Sansom, Visiting Scholar, Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, presented “Is Municipal Cooperation a Silver Bullet? An Australian Perspective” as part of the event Is Municipal Cooperation a Silver Bullet? Experience from Australia, Brazil, and Canada on June 14, 2018.
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Presentation | 2018

Is Municipal Cooperation a Silver Bullet?

Zachary Spicer, Visiting Researcher, Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance, presented “Cooperation, Competition and Collaboration in Canada’s Municipal Sector” as part of the event Is Municipal Cooperation a Silver Bullet? Experience from Australia, Brazil, and Canada on June 14, 2018.
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Video | 2018

Legacies of the Megacity: Toronto’s Amalgamation 20 Years Later

This video features a panel discussion held on March 27, 2018, on the challenges and opportunities of the 1998 Toronto Amalgamation.  Speakers include Shirley Hoy (former City Manager, City of Toronto), John Matheson (former Chief of Staff to Ontario’s Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing), Alexandra Flynn (Assistant Professor, University of Toronto), Zack Taylor (Assistant Professor, Western University), and Enid Slack (event moderator, Director, Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance).
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