Peter Solomon

Professor Emeritus, Department of Political Science
Affiliated Faculty, Centre for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies






Room 110N, 1 Devonshire Place


Peter H. Solomon, Jr. (PhD Columbia University) is Professor of Political Science, Law and Criminology, University of Toronto. He specializes in post-Soviet politics and in the politics of law and courts in various countries, including Canada and the USA. Author of Soviet Criminologists and Criminal Policy (1978); Criminal Justice Policy: From Research to Reform (1983), Soviet Criminal Justice under Stalin (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996 (a Russian-language edition Sovetskaia iustitsiia pri Staline was published by “ROSSPEN” in 1998 and reprinted in 2008); Reforming Justice in Russia, 1864-1996: Power, Culture, and the Limits of Legal Order (Armonk, NY: Sharpe, 1997), editor and contributor; Courts and Transition in Russia: The Challenge of Judicial Reform (Boulder CO: Westview Press, 2000) with Todd Foglesong; Crime, Criminal Justice, and Criminology in Post-Soviet Ukraine (2001) with Todd Foglesong. Professor Solomon’s current research include: judicial and legal reform in contemporary Russia and Ukraine; and law and courts in authoritarian and transitional states. He has been an active participant in judicial reform projects, including the Canada-Russia Judicial Partnership (2000-2008), the Canada-Ukraine Judicial Cooperation Project (2006- 2014), and the Canada_Ukraine Project “Support to Judicial Reform (SJRP), 2016-present, all funded by CIDA. He is also a member of the Board of Trustees of the Institut prava i publichnoi politiki (Moscow) and the editorial boards of three journals, and a former Director of the Centre for Russian and East European Studies at the Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy.


Criminal policy and policy-making
Criminal law and procedure in the post-soviet world
Judicial and legal reform in contemporary Russia and Ukraine
Law and courts in authoritarian and transitional states


Ph. D – Columbia University (1973)

M.A. – Columbia University (1967)

B.A – Harvard College, magna cum laude (1964)

selected publications

“The Accountability of Judges in Post-Communist States: From Bureaucratic to Professional Accountability,” Judicial Independence in Transition, edited y Anja Seibert Fohr (Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, 909-936, and in Russian as “Podotchetnost sudei v postkommunisticheskikh gosudarstvakh: ot biurokraticheskoi k professionalnoi podotchetnosti,” Pravo i pravoprimenenie v Rossii: mezhditsiplinarynye issledovaniia, edited by V. Volkov (Moscow: Statut, 2011), 80-107.

“Plea Bargaining Russian Style,” Demokratizatsiya, 20:3 (Summer 2012), 282-99, and in Russian as “Sdelka s pravosudiem v Rossii: osobyi poriadok sudebnogo razbiratelstva,” in  Kak sud’i prinimaiut resheniia: empiricheskie issledovaniia prava, ed. V.V. Volkov (Moscow; Statut, 2012), 156-76..

“Law and Courts in Authoritarian States,” in the International Encyclopedia of Social and Behaivoral Sciences, 2nd edition (electronic), 2015.

“Understanding the History of Soviet Criminal Justice: The Contribution of Archives and Other Sources,” in The Russian Review (2015)

“”Post-Soviet Criminal Justice: The Persistence of Distorted neo-inquisitorialism,” in Theoretical Criminology (2015).

Legal Change in Post-Communist States: Progress, Reversions, Explanations. Coeditor with Kaja Gadowska  (Stuttgart: Ibidem Verlag, 2019).


Government, Law and Politics in Russia

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