Latest Research: Articles, Papers, and Reports


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Move Fast & Roll Your Own Crypto: A Quick Look at the Confidentiality of Zoom Meetings

April 3, 2020

This Citizen Lab report examines the encryption that protects meetings in the popular Zoom teleconference app. We find that Zoom has “rolled their own” encryption scheme, which has significant weaknesses. In addition, we identify potential areas of concern in Zoom’s...

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The COVID-19 Crisis and Policy Preferences of Canadian Technology Scale-ups

April 1, 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic presents specific challenges to Canadians and businesses. ‘Canada’s COVID-19 Economic Response Plan’ is the federal government’s response to the crisis. The Economic Response Plan is meant to provide program supports for businesses to weather the storm. This...

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An Inclusive Innovation Monitor for Canada: A discussion paper

March 31, 2020

BII+E and the Innovation Policy Lab will develop the first integrated picture of inclusion and innovation (or inclusive innovation) in Canada that looks at how the country is performing relative to our peers. Canada’s first inclusive innovation monitor will help to generate...

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Canadian Cyber Dialogue – Summary Report 2

February 25, 2020

The second annual Canadian Cyber Dialogue convened in Ottawa in December 2019 and brought together 78 participants from government, the private sector, academia, and civil society to discuss contemporary cybersecurity issues facing Canada. This year’s Dialogue was organized around Bill...

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Intellectual Property in Ontario’s Innovation Ecosystem

February 13, 2020

The digital transformation over the past thirty years has resulted in a new economic reality in which the basis of wealth and power is derived from the ownership of valuable intellectual property (IP), and more recently, the accumulation and control...

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Advancing Structural Reforms to the Skilled Trades and Apprenticeships in Ontario

February 12, 2020

The current Ontario government has placed a significant focus on advancing the skilled trades as part of its overall economic agenda. This prioritization can be seen in legislative and policy reforms, organizational changes, and a recent public information campaign online...

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Decarbonization

Climate politics, metaphors and the fractal carbon trap

December 11, 2019

The international community has treated climate change as an emissions reduction challenge, drawing on the analytical metaphor of the global commons, and thus the politics of collective action and international cooperation. So far, these strategies have failed to produce an...

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A group of pre-kindergarten students sit on the floor in their classroom

Puzzling Publics: The role of reflexive learning in universal pre-kindergarten (UPK) policy formulation in Canada and the US

December 10, 2019

Building on theories of social learning and policy change, this article argues that reflexive learning provides a causal mechanism for how public engagement in policy formulation can trigger policy innovation. Reflexive learning is a mode of learning that takes place...

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Opportunity Zones: An Opportunity for Ontario

November 14, 2019

Although Ontario has seen relatively stable employment growth in recent years, economic growth and dynamism have not been evenly distributed across the province, especially when rural and urban areas are compared. Ontario’s economy is geographically concentrated in its major urban...

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Measuring Ontario’s Urban-Rural Divide

November 13, 2019

The purpose of this paper from Ontario 360 is to help Ontario policymakers understand the urban-rural divide in the province – including how it manifests itself in differing economic and social outcomes. It concludes with some policy areas that ought to be...

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