Latest Research: Articles, Papers, and Reports


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FORCEDENTRY: NSO Group iMessage Zero-Click Exploit Captured in the Wild

September 13, 2021

While analyzing the phone of a Saudi activist infected with NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware, Citizen Lab researchers discovered a zero-day zero-click exploit against iMessage. The exploit, which we call FORCEDENTRY, targets Apple’s image rendering library, and was effective against Apple...

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Xi Jinping-Style Control and Civil Society Responses

September 2, 2021

Diana Fu and Emile Dirks argue in the China Leadership Monitor that a new strategy for engaging civil society actors in both mainland China and Hong Kong is needed. Read the article. 

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The Stories They Tell: What INGO Mission Statements Reveal about their Authority

September 2, 2021

Wendy Wong co-authors an article in Global Society journal about how INGOs make authority claims to their audiences via their mission statements. Drawing on existing research on INGOs and global governance, the authors identify five dimensions of authority: accountability, representativeness,...

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No Access LGBTIQ Website Censorship in Six Countries

September 1, 2021

A new report from the Citizen Lab, OutRight Action International, and the Open Observatory of Network Interference (OONI) documents the state of website censorship in some of the most challenging countries in the world for LGBTIQ communities. Read the report

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From Pearl to Pegasus: Bahraini Government Hacks Activists with NSO Group Zero-Click iPhone Exploits

August 24, 2021

Citizen Lab researchers identified nine Bahraini activists whose iPhones were successfully hacked with NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware between June 2020 and February 2021. Read the report.    

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Policing, Recognition, and the Bind of Legal Cynicism

August 23, 2021

Researchers Holly Campeau, Ron Levi, and Todd Foglesong draw on a unique dataset of 60 semi-structured interviews with recently arrested suspects in Cleveland, Ohio, a city currently under federal consent decree due to police use of excessive force. Through these...

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Does Talking to the Other Side Reduce Inter-party Hostility? Evidence from Three Studies

August 17, 2021

According to recent scholarship, citizens in various Western democracies show a growing sense of dislike and distrust toward members of opposing political parties. While political communication processes have been shown to influence inter-party hostility, the literature has so far focused...

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How Stories Shape Regional Development: Collective Narratives and High-Technology Entrepreneurship in Waterloo, Canada

August 17, 2021

The Waterloo region in Canada has emerged as an unlikely competitor in high-technology markets, challenging theories based on path dependency, population density, anchor firms, and military spending. While theorists and residents attribute the rise of high-technology entrepreneurship to cooperation, evidence...

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Reach Alliance Syrian refugees

Reach Alliance in Stanford Social Innovation Review: How to Deliver Cash Transfer Programs More Effectively to Hard-to-Reach Populations

August 12, 2021

  Cash transfer programs often struggle to reach those most in need. In this investigation of four programs across Brazil, Ethiopia, Jordan, and Palestine, Reach Alliance researchers Marin MacLeod, Sydney Piggott, Joudy Sarraj & Nicoli Dos Santos Stiller explore five features that lead to...

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History and Urban Economics

July 19, 2021

Co-authored by W. Walker Hanlon, Stephan Heblich, this article reviews recent literature using insights from history to answer central questions in urban economics. This area of research has seen rapid growth in the past decade, thanks to new technologies that...

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