Latest Research: Articles, Papers, and Reports

Bitter Sweet: Supporters of Mexico’s soda tax targeted with NSO exploit links

February 13, 2017

This Citizen Lab report describes an espionage operation using government-exclusive spyware to target a Mexican government food scientist and two public health advocates. All of the targets have been active supporters of Mexico’s soda tax, a public health measure to...

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Nile Phish: Large-scale phishing campaign targeting Egyptian civil society

February 2, 2017

This Citizen Lab report describes Nile Phish, an ongoing and extensive phishing campaign against Egyptian civil society. In recent years, Egypt has witnessed what is widely described as an “unprecedented crackdown,” on both civil society and dissent. Amidst this backdrop,...

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Do Large Employers Treat Racial Minorities More Fairly?

January 25, 2017

Jeffrey Reitz, director of the R.F. Harney Program in Ethnic, Immigration and Pluralism Studies, co-authored a report examining the extent of discrimination against skilled immigrants from Asian backgrounds in Canada today. The report asks whether this type of discrimination varies...

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Accountability, Policy and Environmental Governance

January 12, 2017

This special issue of Review of Policy Research, edited by Teresa Kramarz and University of Sydney’s Susan Park, features two articles by Kramarz on environmental policy and the politics of environmental accountability. Access the journal

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Screenshots from a censored WeChat conversation

One App, Two Systems: How WeChat uses one censorship policy in China and another internationally

November 30, 2016

This Citizen Lab report describes how WeChat, the most popular messaging app in China, censors content. The findings show WeChat has separate censorship policies for users in China and internationally. READ THE REPORT Read blog post from Citizen Lab Director...

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Sustainable Peace: Driving the African Peace and Security Architecture through ECOWAS

November 23, 2016

The African Union (AU) has prioritized its relationships with regional economic communities (RECs) in order to implement the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA). Yet a lack of clarity remains over roles and responsibilities. One such REC – the Economic...

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Reaching the Hard to Reach: A Case Study of Birth Registration in South Africa

November 23, 2016

One of the United Nations’ 2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is to end poverty in all its forms everywhere. A key mechanism for eliminating poverty is the guarantee that everyone has a form of legal identity.

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New taxes for Toronto and other large Canadian cities

November 23, 2016

This paper from the Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance considers the pros and cons of new taxes for Canada’s major cities. Read the paper

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Financing the Golden Age: Municipal Finance in Toronto, 1950 to 1975

November 10, 2016

As Toronto City Council debates the future of the City’s long-term financial direction, a new IMFG Paper by noted Toronto historian Richard White, Financing the Golden Age: Municipal Finance in Toronto, 1950 to 1975, provides insights from the past. The...

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Unknown protestor - Tananmen Square 1989

Harmonized Histories? A year of fragmented censorship across Chinese live streaming applications

November 1, 2016

This Citizen Lab report reveals hidden keyword blacklists that are used to censor chats on three popular Chinese live streaming applications, YY, 9158, and Sina Show. Contrary to prior research and assumptions that Internet censorship in China operates under a uniform...

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