Latest Research: Articles, Papers, and Reports


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Closing the diversity gap in the infrastructure industry

January 10, 2019

This paper from the Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs and Public Policy finds that the departments, firms, and companies that are at the heart of infrastructure projects suffer from...

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Banking and Industrialization

September 27, 2018

Authors Stephan Heblich and Alex Trew establish a causal role for banking access in the spread of the Industrial Revolution over the period 1817–1881 by exploiting unique employment data from 10,528 parishes across England and Wales and a novel instrument....

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Banking and Industrialization

September 27, 2018

Authors Stephan Heblich and Alex Trew establish a causal role for banking access in the spread of the Industrial Revolution over the period 1817–1881 by exploiting unique employment data from 10,528 parishes across England and Wales and a novel instrument....

Read full article
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The Platform Economy and Regulatory Disruption

June 5, 2018

Platform economy firms such as Uber and Airbnb have attracted attention in cities around the world, given the impact of these firms on the existing taxi industry or the rental market, but little has been written about the effects of...

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Promise and Peril in the Smart City

June 5, 2018

In the past few years, a growing number of urbanists, planners, technology companies, and governance experts have started to use the term “smart city.” Some define smart cities in terms of using emerging and established technologies to improve the performance...

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Leadership and Movements: The Forty-Eighters in the Civil War

May 1, 2018

This paper studies the role of leaders in the social movement against slavery that culminated in the U.S. Civil War. Authors Christian Dippel and Stephan Heblich’s analysis is organized around a natural experiment: leaders of the failed German revolution of...

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Map highlighting the ten countries using Netsweeper to censor the internet.

Planet Netsweeper

April 25, 2018

This report describes Citizen Lab’s investigation into the global proliferation of Internet filtering systems manufactured by the Canadian company, Netsweeper, Inc. After undertaking a mapping of worldwide country installations, Citizen Lab focuses in on ten country cases in which they...

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Creating Digital Opportunity for Canada

April 20, 2018

In this report, David Wolfe provides an overview of the opportunities for Canadian policymakers as they navigate the digital economy. Read the report

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The Public Finance Challenges of Fracking for Local Governments in the United States

April 17, 2018

Fracking has revolutionized international oil and gas markets practically overnight, but its impact on local public finance and governance have largely been overlooked. While operating under federal and state constraints, the key ongoing policy question is whether and to what...

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Climate Finance for Canadian Cities: Is Debt Financing a Viable Alternative?

March 15, 2018

Municipalities are crucial stakeholders in the response to climate change. Cities are major sources of greenhouse gas emissions and, due to their higher building and population densities, will bear the brunt of the economic and social costs imposed by extreme...

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