Latest Research: Articles, Papers, and Reports


Cover of "E-Bandits in Global Activism: WikiLeaks, Anonymous, and the Politics of No One" - Showing famous Anonymous mask

E-Bandits in Global Activism: WikiLeaks, Anonymous, and the Politics of No One

December 13, 2013

In recent years, WikiLeaks and Anonymous have made headlines distributing confidential information, defacing websites, and generating protest around political issues. Although many have dismissed these actors as terrorists, criminals, and troublemakers, the authors argue that such actors are emblematic of a new kind of political actor: extraordinary bandits (e-bandits) that engage in the politics of no one via anonymizing Internet technologies.

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Fencing in Warfare: Threats, Punishment, and Intra-war Deterrence in Counterterrorism

Fencing in Warfare: Threats, Punishment, and Intra-war Deterrence in Counterterrorism

November 15, 2013

This article posits that states can gain coercive leverage over different actors involved in terrorism, including organizations with which they are actively hoping to defeat.

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Some Devices Wander by Mistake: Planet Blue Coat Redux

July 10, 2013

The Citizen Lab is pleased to announce the release of Some Devices Wander by Mistake: Planet Blue Coat Redux. In this report, we use a combination of network measurement and scanning methods and tools to identify instances of Blue Coat ProxySG and PacketShaper devices.

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O Pakistan, We Stand on Guard for Thee: An Analysis of Canada-based Netsweeper’s Role in Pakistan’s Censorship Regime

June 20, 2013

A new Citizen Lab report, entitled O Pakistan, We Stand on Guard for Thee: An Analysis of Canada-based Netsweeper’s Role in Pakistan’s Censorship Regime, has found that Canada-based Netsweeper filtering products have been installed in Pakistan, and are being used for filtering political and social web content.

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Crowdfunding: Perspectives and Prospects

June 5, 2013

Researchers at the India Innovation Institute at the University of Toronto are developing a research agenda that identifies and studies elements that constitute an effective innovation system. An important factor that supports and nurtures innovations is the existence of adequate financing. Crowdfunding is a new approach to obtain necessary funding for start-ups. This approach has resulted in start-up financing of more than $1.5 billion globally in 2011.

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Finfisher Proliferation

For Their Eyes Only: The Commercialization of Digital Spying

May 3, 2013

The report features new findings, as well as consolidating a year of our research on the commercial market for offensive computer network intrusion capabilities developed by Western companies.

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Cover page for Creating Pathways to Decarbonization

Creating Pathways to Decarbonization

May 3, 2013

On January 10-11, 2013, a distinguished group of practitioners and scholars gathered at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs in an attempt to start a new conversation about the politics and governance of climate change. The Post-Kyoto era has now begun, with little fanfare, some anxiety, and considerable, unaddressed challenges. While the failure to negotiate a strong Kyoto successor deserves our attention, it doesn’t change the science, global concern, or public demands for action.

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Cover Page for Report "Is Your Business India Ready"

Is Your Retail Business India Ready

April 16, 2013

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Retail in India Opens the Doors to a US$160 billion Opportunity. In December 2012, Indian lawmakers endorsed the government’s decision to allow Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Retail in the country. These reforms now allow foreign retailers in India to own 51% of operations in multi-brand outlets and 100% in single-brand outlets. What makes India an enticing retail destination for international retailers is its emerging market status, the fact that it’s the world’s second most populous economy, and its estimated corporatized retail market potential of US$162 billion by 2021.

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Cover of India Innovation Institute paper "Is Crowdfunding Right for You?"

Is Crowdfunding Right For You?

March 6, 2013

Perhaps one of the key enablers of an effective innovation engine is the presence of adequate financing that allows new ventures to launch, scale and expand their offerings. In the past couple of years, in India and indeed the rest of the world, crowdfunding has emerged as a simple and innovative online tool that provides small businesses and start-ups with opportunities to increase their social media presence, investment base, and funding prospects.

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Planet Blue Coat: Mapping Global Censorship and Surveillance Tools

February 7, 2013

Blue Coat Devices capable of filtering, censorship, and surveillance are being used around the world. During several weeks of scanning and validation that ended in January 2013, the Citizen Lab uncovered 61 Blue Coat ProxySG devices and 316 Blue Coat PacketShaper appliances, devices with specific functionality permitting filtering, censorship, and surveillance.

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