Latest Research: Articles, Papers, and Reports


Cover photo of IMFG article, headline reads: The Times They Are a Changing

The Times They Are A-Changin’ (Mostly): IMFG Pre-Election Paper

September 30, 2014

Political change is coming to many of Ontario’s big cities. This IMFG paper profiles the election campaigns of six of Ontario’s biggest cities; Hamilton, London, Mississauga, Ottawa, Toronto and Windsor, and reflects on the unique conditions of each city, as well as what voters should be considering as they head to the ballot box.

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Governance and Finance of Metropolitan Areas in Federal Systems

May 21, 2014

IMFG Director Enid Slack and Rupak Chattopadhyay, President and CEO of the Forum of Federations, have edited a new book entitled Governance and Finance of Metropolitan Areas in Federal Systems (Oxford University Press, 2013). They will be making a presentation on May 23rd, which will compare the findings on the governance and finance of eighteen metropolitan areas in federal systems around the world, and identify some of the issues that will need to be resolved if these areas are to thrive in the future. Copies of the book will be available for sale after the presentation.

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Why Canadian Cities Need More Fiscal Autonomy

May 21, 2014

Public Sector Digest – Intelligence for the Public Sector has published an article in the Spring 2014 issue on economics and finance written by IMFG Director Enid Slack, entitled “Why Canadian Cities Need More Fiscal Autonomy.”

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Amalgamation made Toronto both too big and too small

May 21, 2014

IMFG’s Enid Slack and Zachary Spicer penned an op-ed in the Toronto Star about the legacy of Toronto’s amalgamation (March 2014), called “Amalgamation made Toronto both too big and too small.”

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Basic Concepts of Service Delivery and Decentralization and Gender equity

May 21, 2014

IMFG Director Enid Slack gave two presentations in Tunisia in 2013-14, entitled “Basic Concepts of Service Delivery” and “Decentralization and Gender Equity.” These events were sponsored by the Forum of Federations, Inter-Regional Dialogue on Local Governance and Gender in Decentralizing and Transitioning States.

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Merging Municipalities: Is Bigger Better?

May 21, 2014

“Merging Municipalities: Is Bigger Better?” (2013) in the IMFG Papers series, by IMFG Director Enid Slack and Prof. Richard Bird, describes the challenges of governing metropolitan regions in different parts of the world, and the range of restructuring options that are considered to address them, including two-tier models, voluntary cooperation, special purpose districts, and amalgamations.

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International Comparison of Global City Financing

May 20, 2014

“International Comparison of Global City Financing,” (2013) an IMFG research paper for the London Finance Commission (UK), written by IMFG Director Enid Slack, examines how major global cities including New York, Paris, Tokyo, and Madrid are financed, and provides implications for the fiscal autonomy of London. The LFC was appointed by London Mayor Boris Johnson to assess how to improve the tax and public spending arrangements for the UK’s capital region.

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Property Tax Reform in Developing Countries

May 20, 2014

Enid Slack, IMFG Director, made a presentation in April 2013 at the 4th Annual IMF-Japan High-Level Tax Conference for Asian Countries in Tokyo entitled, “Property Tax Reform in Developing Countries.”

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Financing the Metropolis

May 20, 2014

IMFG Director Enid Slack made a presentation entitled “Financing the Metropolis” at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s “International Symposium on Innovations and the Making of Metropolitan Identity” in Paris, France (November 2013).

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Financing Municipal Services for Sustainable Development – ‘Getting the Prices Right’

May 20, 2014

On April 10th, IMFG Director Enid Slack made a presentation to the Urban Development Conference at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, entitled: “Financing Municipal Services for Sustainable Development – ‘Getting the Prices Right’.”

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