Latest Research: Articles, Papers, and Reports

Communications Disruption & Censorship under International Law: History Lesson

August 6, 2012

Canada Centre and Citizen Lab Research Fellow Jon Penney wrote a paper titled Communications Disruption & Censorship under International Law: History Lesson, which was presented at this year’s Second USENIX Workshop on Free and Open Communications on the Internet (FOCI).

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Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunication in the Context of International Security: Work of the UN First Committee 1998-2012

August 3, 2012

Canada Centre and Citizen Lab Fellow Eneken Tikk Ringas wrote a brief on the work of the UN General Assembly.

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Picture of an eye colour corrected to blue and grey

From Bahrain With Love: FinFisher’s Spy Kit Exposed?

July 25, 2012

This post contains analysis of several pieces of malware obtained by Vernon Silver of Bloomberg News that were sent to Bahraini pro-democracy activists in April and May of this year.

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Human Security in the Arctic: The Foundation of Regional Cooperation

July 17, 2012

This series seeks to stimulate deeper academic dialogue on Arctic security issues in Canada. It is supported by the Munk-Gordon Arctic Security Program and the ArcticNet project on The Emerging Arctic Security Environment.

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Navigating the Anthropocene: Improving Earth System Governance

July 16, 2012

Science assessments indicate that human activities are moving several of Earth’s sub-systems outside the range of natural variability typical for the previous 500,000 years. Human societies must now change course and steer away from critical tipping points in the Earth system that might lead to rapid and irreversible change.

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How Syria Divided the World

July 11, 2012

The Syrian conflict has triggered something more fundamental than a difference of opinion over intervention, something more than an argument about whether the Security Council should authorize the use of force.

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The Future of the Columbia River Treaty

June 28, 2012

For 48 years, the United States and Canada have cooperatively shared the management of the Columbia River under the Columbia River Treaty (CRT). The Treaty has provided both parties with significant direct benefits from flood control and power generation and indirect benefits of economic growth in the Pacific Northwest. While not without flaws, the CRT has been hailed as “one of the most successful trans-boundary water treaties based on equitable sharing of downstream benefits”.

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The Meaning of Canadian Immigration Experience for Europe

April 1, 2012

Canada’s experience with immigration has been comparatively positive, and mass immigration has considerable popular support within the country. The distinctive Canadian policy model – including large numbers with skill-based selection, multiculturalism and other policies aimed at promoting integration, and provincial autonomy – deserves international attention. However, Canada’s success with immigration is only partly related to its policies, and these may not be easily transferable to other contexts.

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Headshot of Steven Bernstein

How Rio+20 Can Herald a Constitutional Moment

March 15, 2012

The Rio+20 UN conference on sustainable developmentshould mark nothing less than a constitutional moment, putting the planet on a more sustainable path. But, it is in grave danger of being stillborn, lacking the political will to commit to the transformations required to collectively thrive within planetary boundaries.

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You Get What You Pay For: How Nordic Cities are Financed

November 7, 2011

The Nordic countries are small, unitary, and have largely homogeneous populations. Municipalities are the most important agents in the decentralized public sector and the middle tier (the county level) is losing importance. The expenditure of Nordic local authorities exceeds that in Canada by 10 percent of GDP. The difference represents the effect of local income taxes. Large local expenditures are for kindergartens, primary schools, social welfare, care for the elderly, and culture. These welfare functions are not, however, local public goods; local governments serve mostly as agents for the delivery of national public services.

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