Latest Research: Articles, Papers, and Reports

You Get What You Pay For: How Nordic Cities are Financed

November 7, 2011

The Nordic countries are small, unitary, and have largely homogeneous populations. Municipalities are the most important agents in the decentralized public sector and the middle tier (the county level) is losing importance. The expenditure of Nordic local authorities exceeds that in Canada by 10 percent of GDP. The difference represents the effect of local income taxes. Large local expenditures are for kindergartens, primary schools, social welfare, care for the elderly, and culture. These welfare functions are not, however, local public goods; local governments serve mostly as agents for the delivery of national public services.

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Financing Large Cities and Metropolitan Areas

November 5, 2011

Large cities and metropolitan areas differ from smaller urban or rural municipalities—they have much larger populations, higher concentrations of population, and populations that are more heterogeneous in terms of social and economic circumstances.

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Pro-Immigration Canada: Social and Economic Roots of Popular Views

October 1, 2011

What accounts for Canadian attitudes to immigration? To determine the answer, this study examines available Canadian public opinion data, including trend data, and offers a detailed analysis of a Focus Canada opinion survey conducted by the Environics Institute in November 2010. The study attempts to clarify the social bases of popular support for high immigration levels in Canada and considers political party cleavages and potential sources or processes of change. Such an analysis may help us to understand why the opposition to immigration seen in other countries is not more prominent in Canada, and whether there are any indications that Canadian attitudes have begun to turn in a more negative direction or might do so in the future.

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Munk Centre Monitor Spring 2011

May 13, 2011

Papers From The Munk School That Are Changing The Global Conversation Page 4 From International Relations to Global Affairs By Janice Gross Stein Page 8 Part 1 | Rethinking Stat e Power “Can Non-State Global Governance Be Legitimate?” (Bernstein and...

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Comparisons of the Success of Racial Minority Immigrant Offspring in the United States, Canada and Australia

April 7, 2011

The educational, occupational and income success of the racial minority immigrant offspring is very similar for many immigrant origins groups in the United States, Canada and Australia. Relatively lower entry statuses for these immigrant groups in the US are eliminated for the second generation, indicating they experience stronger upward inter-generational mobility.

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Designing a No-Fault Vaccine-Injury Compensation Programme for Canada: Lessons Learned from an International Analysis of Programmes

February 1, 2011

This report provides both an in-depth analysis of several distinct types of no-fault programmes and research-based recommendations for the design and implementation of a model programme that could be implemented in the Canadian context.

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Rethinking the Top of the World: The Arctic Council

January 1, 2011

Increasingly, issues of Arctic security are the focus of public attention and debate. Whether it is media attention to Russian bombers, the recent announcement of moving forward on the Mackenzie Pipeline, or the increasing body of scholarly work suggesting that we are in the midst of a new cold war, the Arctic is receiving unprecedented attention from political leaders, policy makers, media and academics.

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Fracture Lines: Will Canada’s Water Be Protected in the Rush to Develop Shale Gas?

October 14, 2010

This discussion paper was the first major formal public discussion in Canada of the shale gas issue. As supplies of fossil fuel dwindle, oil and gas companies are increasingly looking to unconventional sources such as shale gas to supply energy needs. This paper outlines the potential impacts of shale gas exploration and production on groundwater resources, and described the paucity of groundwater mapping and lack of effective regulatory oversight.

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A Century of Sharing Water Supplies between Canadian and American Borderland Communities

October 1, 2010

The entry into force of the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement in 1989 and the North American Free Trade Association (NAFTA) in 1994 reignited a decades-old debate: should Canada allow bulk water exports across its borders?

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The Importance of Steel Manufacturing to Canada – A Research Study

July 6, 2010

While history is important, this Report is not about building a testimonial nor placing a lot of black crepe paper around the country’s steel mills. It is about the future. Understanding the past and present of the steel industry is fundamental to understanding its future, and the future of the economy as a whole. We hear a lot about the growth
of the service sector and the declining importance of manufacturing.

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