Latest Research: Articles, Papers, and Reports


The Evolution of Community Consultation in GTA Transit Planning

October 1, 2020

New Report from the Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance By Nick Lombardo Between 1945 and 1970, the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) experienced a vast expansion in transit infrastructure, including tens of kilometres of new subway lines and the introduction...

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Japan’s Leadership in the Liberal International Order: Impact and Policy Opportunities for Partners

July 17, 2020

Since 2016, Japan has shown remarkable leadership on several dimensions of global and regional economic governance, including trade governance, economic and data governance, regional rules-based order, and environmental governance. How significant is this new phase of Japanese international leadership in...

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Demystifying the Quantum Threat: Infrastructure, Institutions, and Intelligence Advantage

June 25, 2020

In theory, a fully functional quantum computer could break the cryptographic protocols that underwrite cybersecurity everywhere, which would be disastrous for national security, global trade, and civil society. Quantum cryptography, conversely, promises an unprecedented level of security, yet this benefit...

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Surviving the Quantum Cryptocalypse

June 25, 2020

The quantum threat to cybersecurity is an example of a self-denying prophesy: the more credible the threat narrative, the more concerted the effort to counter it. Quantum computing poses a security threat because digital encryption currently depends on the computational...

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Politics by many other means: The comparative strategic advantages of operational domains

June 25, 2020

The land, sea, air, space, and cyber domains have distinct operational characteristics. Specialization in the means of using or threatening force is not just a technical issue because choices to use different kinds of military instruments have political consequences. Conventional...

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A tale of two cybers – how threat reporting by cybersecurity firms systematically underrepresents threats to civil society

June 25, 2020

Public and academic knowledge of cyber conflict relies heavily on data from commercial threat reporting. There are reasons to be concerned that these data provide a distorted view of cyber threat activity. Commercial cybersecurity firms only focus on a subset...

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Can behavioral interventions be too salient? Evidence from traffic safety messages

June 25, 2020

By Jonathan Hall and Joshua Madsen Behavioral interventions are a popular tool for encouraging socially desirable behavior and are expressly designed to seize people’s attention. However, little consideration has been given to the costs of seizing attention. We estimate these...

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The Case for a Canadian Urban Policy Observatory

June 18, 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic brings into focus a long-standing need to establish a Canadian Urban Policy Observatory, a “one-stop-shop” for comprehensive, comparable, and actionable information on the state of Canada’s cities and city-regions. Part repository, aggregator, clearing house, and knowledge broker,...

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The Implications of Self-Directed Home Care in Ontario: A Case Study on Gotcare Services

June 18, 2020

Canada faces a shortage of home care options that will intensify as the proportion of older adults in the country continues to increase—especially in rural and remote regions. In Ontario, the number of older adults (>65) is expected to grow...

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A Playbook for Voluntary Regional Governance in Greater Toronto

June 18, 2020

The coronavirus pandemic has thrown into relief a range of health, social, and economic challenges for municipalities in the Greater Toronto region. These challenges – such as lack of affordable housing, income inequality, the need to spur economic development, and...

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