To complete a major program in Peace, Conflict and Justice, students must take 7.5 FCEs. These 7.5 FCEs are categorized in three clusters as listed below. Each course requirement is individual and cannot be used more than once.  A course taken on a CR/NCR basis may not be used to satisfy program requirements.

Students, after their first year in the program, are strongly encouraged to fill out a POS (program of study) form and submit it to the Program Coordinator. The Program Director and Program Coordinator will review the form for approval. Please consult the University of Toronto Faculty of Arts and Science Annual Calendar before creating your POS form.

Cluster 1

( ECO101H1+ ECO102H1)/ ECO105Y1/​ HIS103Y1; ( PSY100H1+ PSY220H1)/ ( SOC100H1+ SOC150H1); POL208Y1.

Except for POL208Y1, substitutions may be permitted for other introductory courses in relevant disciplines, based on a student’s rationale and on approval of the Program Director.

Cluster 2

PCJ260Y1; PCJ360H1; PCJ362H1/​ PCJ363H1; PCJ460H1

Cluster 3

Consists of 2.0 FCE of complementary courses, at least 1.0 FCE of which must be at the 300+ series level.  Consult the Major POS form for a complete list of pre-approved courses for Cluster 3. Alternative courses may be accepted on the approval of the Program Director, based on the needs of students’ interdisciplinary programs of study.

Please note that H or Y designations may change each academic year.


To complete a specialist program in Peace, Conflict and Justice, students must take 12 FCEs. These 12 courses are categorized in four clusters as listed below. Each course requirement is individual and cannot be used more than once. A course taken on a CR/NCR basis may not be used to satisfy program requirements.

Students, after their first year in the program, are strongly encouraged to fill out a POS (program of study) form and submit it to both the director and the program administrator for approval. Please consult the University of Toronto Faculty of Arts and Science Annual Calendar before creating your POS form.

Cluster 1

( ECO101H1 + ECO102H1) / ECO105Y1/​ HIS103Y1 ; ( PSY100H1 + PSY220H1)/ ( SOC100H1 + SOC150H1); POL208Y1.

Except for POL208Y1, substitutions may be permitted for other introductory courses in relevant disciplines, based on a student’s rationale and on approval of the Program Director.

Cluster 2

PCJ260Y1; PCJ360H1; PCJ362H1/​ PCJ363H1; PCJ460H1; PCJ461H1

Cluster 3

Three FCEs from ONE of Groups A, B, C, D, E or F (below), or substitutions with a rationale that must be approved by the Program Director. Students may substitute from different disciplines or with different courses from within these disciplines. At least 1.0 FCE must be at the 300+-level.

Courses from cluster 1 cannot be repeated in this cluster. Please note that H or Y designations may change each academic year.


HIS103Y1, HIS106Y1, HIS202H1, HIS241H1, HIS242H1, HIS243H1, HIS244H1, HIS250Y1, HIS251Y1, HIS271Y1, HIS303H1, HIS311Y1, HIS325H1, HIS329H1, HIS338H1, HIS343H1, HIS344H1, HIS347H1, HIS355H1, HIS359H1, HIS364H1, HIS376H1, HIS377H1, HIS386H1, HIS390H1, HIS401Y1, HIS405Y1, HIS407Y1, HIS414H1, HIS415Y1, HIS424H1, HIS436H1, HIS451H1, HIS461H1, HIS473H1, HIS475H1, HIS480H1, HIS492H1, NMC278H1, NMC474H1, TRN421Y1


POL201Y1, POL301Y1, POL305Y1, POL312Y1, POL323Y1, POL324H1, POL326Y1, POL330Y1, POL340Y1, POL345Y1, POL354H1, POL412H1, POL417Y1, POL419H1, POL432H1, POL442H1, POL447H1, POL459Y1, POL464H1, POL467H1, POL468H1, POL476H1, POL479H1, POL480H1, POL486H1, POL487H1, NEW250Y1, NMC476H1, NMC477H1


PSY100H1, PSY201H1, PSY210H1, PSY220H1, PSY270H1, PSY280H1, PSY311H1, PSY312H1, PSY320H1, PSY321H1, PSY322H1, PSY324H1, PSY326H1, PSY328H1, PSY331H1, PSY370H1, PSY372H1, PSY420H1, PSY471H1, JLP374H1, JLP471H1


ENV200H1, ENV234H1, GGR107H1, GGR112H1, GGR124H1, GGR203H1, GGR240H1, GGR241H1, GGR314H1, GGR320H1, GGR338H1, GGR343H1, GGR398H0, GGR399Y1, GGR418H1, GGR419H1, GGR439H1, GGR452H1, PHL273H1, PHL373H1


ECO200Y1, ECO202Y1, ECO210H1, ECO220Y1, ECO230Y1, ECO313H1, ECO314H1, ECO316H1, ECO320H1, ECO324H1, ECO336H1, ECO401H1, ECO403H1, ECO406H1, ECO423H1, ECO439H1, ECO446H1


ANT100Y1, ANT204H1, ANT358H1, ANT364H1, ANT395Y0, ANT396Y0, ANT425H1, ANT426H1, ANT427H1, ANT440H1, ANT450H1, ANT452H1, COG250Y1, CRI364H1, CRI427H1, CRI429H1, INS360Y1, JPR364Y1, PHL232H1, PHL235H1, PHL240H1, PHL244H1, PHL247H1, PHL271H1, PHL273H1, PHL275H1, PHL317H1, PHL340H1, PHL341H1, PHL351H1, PHL357H1, PHL365H1, PHL370H1, PHL373H1, PHL375H1, PHL380H1, PHL394H1, RLG309H1, RLG389H1, SOC205H1, SOC210H1, SOC212H1, SOC213H1, SOC220H1, SOC249H1, SOC250Y1, SOC260H1, SOC306H1, SOC312H1, SOC320H1, SOC330H1, SOC344H1, SOC348H1, SOC355H1, SOC356H1, SOC360H1, SOC365H1, SOC367H1, SOC386H1, SOC495H1, SOC498H1


MUN101H1 or MUN102H1 (maximum 0.5 FCE)

Cluster 4

Three complementary FCEs with either a disciplinary, regional, or thematic focus relevant to Peace, Conflict and Justice (on approval of the Director, based on the needs of students’ interdisciplinary programs of study). At least 1.0 FCEs must be at the 300+-level. Up to 1.0 FCEs of MUN courses may be used to fulfill this requirement, subject to approval by the Director.

Courses used in clusters 1 and 2 cannot be repeated in this cluster.

Disciplinary focus:

3.0 FCEs from one of ANT, ECO, GGR and Environmental Studies (combined), HIS, PHL, POL, PSY, RLG, SLA, SOC, or from other units with a rationale approved by the Program Director.

(Note: The disciplinary focus in this cluster must be different from the discipline chosen in Cluster 3. For instance, HIS is excluded for students who have taken 3 HIS FCEs to meet Cluster 3; POL is excluded for students who have taken 3 POL FCEs, etc.)

Regional Studies focus:

3.0 FCEs on, for example, Canada, Southern Africa, the Middle East, Latin America, or the Slavic countries.

Thematic focus:

3.0 FCEs on a thematic topic proposed by the student and approved by the Program Director. Examples include negotiation and conflict resolution, diplomatic history, gender and conflict, morality of war, quantitative analysis, group-identity conflict, economic development and conflict, literature, culture, and everyday life of conflict, or environmental change and conflict.

Core Courses

PCJ260Y1Y - Introduction to Peace, Conflict and Justice

PCJ260Y1 Syllabus 2019-2020

The course reviews theories exploring the causes of conflict, the possibilities for the pursuit of peace, and the role of justice in both. Drawing on a wide range of disciplines and perspectives, including political science, psychology, sociobiology, economics, and religion, it offers an introduction to diverse approaches to conflict resolution and peace-building. After examining the role of individual characteristics, social group dynamics, and structural processes in generating conflict, the course interrogates different conceptions of peace and justice as well as the dilemmas involved in pursuing them in practice. Case studies and examples are used to help students apply the conceptual tools they acquire to prominent world conflicts.

Taught by Alexis Lerner (2019-2020)

PCJ360H1F - Topics in Peace, Conflict and Justice: Climate Crisis

PCJ360H1F Syllabus Fall 2019

A global climate crisis is contributing to conflicts and inequality around the world, from armed insurrection to mass migrations of refugees.  This course seeks to better understand the roles of climate change in human conflicts and explore political pathways to improve ecological and human well-being.  The course explores how solutions to climate change might also help address injustices such as rural poverty, sexual exploitation, and slumification.  Are there ways of meeting the challenge of climate change that will also foster the spread of human rights, food security, and democracy?  With a suite of recent readings at hand, students will strive to critically examine challenges and solutions to the ecological crisis of our age.

Taught by Dr.Dylan Clark (2019-2020)

PCJ362H1S - Service Learning

PCJ362H1S Syllabus Winter 2020

Students are given a service learning placement in the GTA in partnership with local, national, or international not-for-profits or governmental organizations. Students work in teams of 2-7 students, and help partner organizations solve important problems. Student teams mostly work independently of the organization, while receiving some mentoring, critique, and advice from the organizations.  Students are expected to invest 5-7 hours per week in course projects, in addition to class time.  In this non-competitive course, students are asked to engage in deep personal reflection, help teammates, advise other teams, and contribute their skills and talents to their community partners. The course will emphasize how groups work to achieve community goals, how grassroots politics works, the power of social capital, and how these topics link to questions of conflict resolution, brokering piece, and achieving justice.

Taught by Dr. Dylan Clark  (2018-2019)

PCJ363H1S - Study Abroad Module

PCJ363H1S Syllabus Winter 2020

Using Quercus, Skype, and email, students meet weekly in a virtual class that will assign readings, provide written assignments, and require a final assignment.  Students are asked to situate their training from the PCJ program within the context of their academic study abroad experiences, though they may also have the opportunity to reflect on volunteer, activist, and social experiences.  In written assignments, students are required to reflect on how their thinking has been influenced by their study abroad experiences, what they will do with their new perspectives upon returning to the University of Toronto, and how these affect how they think about peace, conflict and justice.

Taught by Dr. Dylan Clark (2018-2019)

PCJ460H1F - Causes and Consequences of Civil Wars and Violence

PCJ460H1F Syllabus Fall 2019

This course explores the links between violent conflict and socioeconomic development. It focuses on the macro- and micro-level processes leading to conflict and how conflict and political violence affect people’s lives at the household and community levels. It also examines how these micro-level processes are linked to wider political and economic issues, including governance and institutional development. Tools from economic theory are applied alongside country-specific and cross-national empirical evidence.

Taught by Professor Paola Salardi (2019-2020)

PCJ461H1S- Research Methods in Peace, Conflict and Justice

PCJ461 Syllabus Winter 2020

This course guides each student through their own individual research project, embedded in an interactive group learning process, in order to offer an applied introduction to research methods for peace, conflict and justice studies. Students work through the full research process, including: identifying a research question, learning how to conduct effective literature reviews, developing a rigorous research design, and applying quantitative and qualitative methods to answering questions. Rather than conducting research independently or studying research methods in isolation, the course combines the two: students learn collectively about the different steps in the research process while simultaneously applying those steps to their own research project. This is then complemented by presenting that research and discussing different research projects in class, so as to receive continuous feedback and be exposed to a variety of research methods and approaches.

Taught by Professor Paola Salardi (2018-2019)

ELECTIVE COURSE : PCJ499H1/PCJ499Y1 - Peace and Conflict Study Independent Studies Course

This course is designed to provide students with the opportunity to explore topics not covered in the curriculum, or to develop a more detailed focus on topics covered. Approval of the program director is required. The student must obtain written agreement of the instructor who will supervise the independent study, submit the proposal to and obtain approval from the director and program administrator, who will then add the student to the course.

Applications are due two weeks before course enrollment deadlines for each semester.

PCJ499 Proposal

Experiential Learning

The Trudeau Centre for Peace, Conflict and Justice understands that in order for students to leverage the academic training they obtain from the program, they must also have direct exposure to these topics.  To that end, beginning in academic year 2016-2017, students enrolling in a PCJ Program of Study (POS) will have an enroll in an experiential learning course in the winter (January-April) of their third year. They will choose between two “tracks”: service learning or study abroad.
*Alternative options can be arranged on a case-by-case basis for those unable to fulfill this requirement.

Service Learning:

Students who select service learning will enroll in PCJ362H1S.  They will be matched with a local host organization, spending several hours on site and an additional two hours in the classroom, per week.   Students will contribute ideas and practices learned from the PCJ curriculum to the organization, and bring their experiences back into the classroom to compare with peers.  Through readings, assignments, and discussion, the course will emphasize how groups work to achieve community goals, how grassroots politics works, the power of social capital, and engage in questions of how such structures are needed to resolve conflict, broker peace, and achieve justice.

The Trudeau Centre is working with existing partner organizations and joining with the Centre for Community Partnerships to create new service learning opportunities.  While opportunities vary, and are subject to change, we strive to place students in organizations that align with their academic interests.  We look for organizations that focus on:

  1. Accessibility services
  2. Conflict resolution training
  3. Environment/conservation
  4. Health
  5. Indigenous rights
  6. Legal assistance
  7. Minorities and multiculturalism
  8. Refugees and immigration
  9. Social justice advocacy (religious or secular)
  10. Homelessness/employment services
  11. Women’s issues
  12. Youth issues

If you work for an organization that is interested in partnering us, please send an email to:

Study Abroad:

Students who select study abroad will engage in a traditional international exchange through the Centre for International Experience, but with the added requirement of completing a distance-learning course: PCJ363H1S.

Using Blackboard, students will meet once a week online in a virtual class that will assign readings, provide writing assignments, and culminate in a group assignment that situates the training from the PCJ program within the new materials that each student is experiencing in their new university.  Each student will have to reflect on how their thinking has changed, what they will do with their new perspectives when they come back to U of T, and how this affects their thinking about peace, conflict, and justice.

POS Forms

POS Form Instructions

  1. POS forms are only for current PCJ students.  Admissions information is available in the section below.
  2. Complete every section of the form. The program can only approve complete programs of study, and not individual course substitution requests. We need to understand the context in which you are making the request including how the requested courses are linked together.  Even if you haven’t taken a course yet, we need to know what your plans are.
  3. Make sure each section fulfills the required credit amounts. If cluster three requires 2.0 FCE, please ensure your requested courses (preapproved and/or substitution) add up to the required number of credits.
  4. Include rationale for all requested substitutions. Please be concise and to the point.  We need to know why you want to take the course, and how it fits into your academic objectives.   For example, if you are interested in a particular aspect gender equality, please explain how the requested courses fit into that, and how that theme connects to PCJ.
  5. Please send completed POS forms with the naming convention “lastname, firstname POS form” to

POS Form Submission Deadlines

POS forms will only be reviewed on the following dates.  Please submit your form prior to each date.

Deadline to submit to PCJ will respond by this date
March 23, 2020 March 30, 2020
April 20, 2020 April 27, 2020
May 20, 2020 May 27, 2020
June 20, 2020 June 29, 2020

POS Forms



Students admitted prior to June 2016:

POS form – major

POS form – specialist

Frequently Asked Questions

I’m a first-year student interested in PCJ, but I didn’t take HIS103Y1 or ECO100Y1 or ECO105Y1; PSY100H1 + PSY220H1 ; SOC101Y1; POL208Y1 this year. Can I still apply to the subject POSt?

Yes. You can apply to a PCJ major/specialist subject POSt even without any of these courses. They are program requirements and NOT admission requirements; therefore, as long as you have 4.0 FCE in any subject and complete these courses before you graduate, you are eligible to apply.

What’s a POS form?

A POS form is short for a “program of study” form. The form helps you design your major/specialist program and can be downloaded from the “documents” section. Students are encouraged to fill out the appropriate form and email it to the program administrator and director after completing their first year in the program.

Why do I need to make sure I have an updated POS form?

The nature of the program is such that you are to take courses that are complementary so that you get a more focused understanding of peace, conflict and justice as it relates to your own interests. If you register for courses without approval, there is no guarantee that they will be accepted as necessary credits to graduate. In this instance, you may be required to take additional courses. It is important to the integrity of the program that you take courses that fit the scope of the program, and to obtain approval.

What is meant by complementary courses?

You are encouraged to design a program of study that will allow you to apply PCJ themes to your own interests. Courses that are complementary are ones that relate to a certain issue or topic you would like to focus on in peace, conflict and justice. For instance, if you were interested in global health in relation to peace, conflict and justice, courses that are complementary are: AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa, issues in Global Health, etc. Courses that are not complementary would be Trade in China and AIDS and Sub-Saharan Africa.

Your rationale for the courses you have chosen for your program of study is what is crucial to having your program of study approved.

Occasionally there are issues with complementary courses – typically this occurs with PCJ majors who are enrolled in another major and are using one course as a program requirement for two programs. If you are a PCJ major intending to graduate soon, you are encouraged to check with your registrar to make sure you are satisfying your degree requirements.

The requirements of the program are clear and exceptions will not be made for those students who want to graduate but do not have complementary courses.

Can a language course be a complementary course?

While knowledge of a language other than English can be very valuable to your program of study and future studies, language credits will not satisfy any of your program requirements. Language courses do not provide substantive information relevant to PCJ program themes.

Can I my transfer credits from another university to fulfill my core course requirements?

No PCJ course can be substituted with a course from another university.


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